Propecia is a medicine to treat hair loss in men only. Its active ingredient is Finasteride. It’s an androgen hormone inhibitor used to treat male pattern hair loss. It can be used only by adult men. It works by preventing the enzyme 5 alpha-reductase from converting testosterone to its active form in the body.
It is recommended to consult with your doctor regarding right dosage for you. Take it with a full glass of water. The recommended dose of finasteride for male pattern baldness is 1 mg daily taken at the same time each day, with or without food.
Finasteride – 4-azasteroid compound, selectively and competitive inhibitor of 5α-reductase. This nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP)-dependent enzyme converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. The drug specifically inhibits the enzyme 5α-reductase type 2, which leads to a significant reduction in the level of dihydrotestosterone in the prostate gland (>90%) and circulatory system (60% to 80%).Finasteride increases testosterone levels prostate cancer (approximately 85%) in patients with BPH, it does not affect the growth and morphology of the prostate gland. The drug has a pronounced affinity for the androgen receptor. Finasteride reduces the PSA level in blood plasma of 41 %- 71% in patients with symptoms of BPH. However, the ratio values of unbound and total PSA level the drug has no effect.
The size of the prostate decreases under the influence of finasteride due to atrophy and apoptosis. Due to the action of the drug histological changes were observed after 6 months of starting treatment. Glandular elements of prostate tissue most sensitive to finasteride. The drug lowers the tone of the detrusor in patients with urinary retention caused by BPH.
Always use the prescription that your physician has provided you with. Do not use this medication in a lower or higher dosage than instructed.
Propecia should be taken orally.
The total recommended dosage for this medication is 1 mg. This should be taken once daily.
It may take more than 3 months to see any results from the consumption of Propecia. In the event that you stop taking this medication, any results that you have achieved will be reversed within a year.
If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If your next scheduled dose is due soon, skip the missed dose. Do not take two doses at once.
In the event of an overdose, contact your local medical emergency services immediately.
The side effects of Propecia appear rarely because Finasteride contains the male sexual hormones and it does not cause negative reactions from the side of the body.
The side effects may be purely during the increased sensitivity to Finasteride. In this case, the man may have poor volume of the seminal fluid, reduction of libido, and erection worsening. But it is related to the pharmacological activity of Finasteride and the side effects do not have the irreversible effect.
The side effects completely pass after the end of Propecia usage.
The patients who are sensitive to the drug, women and children should not use Propecia.